Liberty and the Power of Ideas

The battle for the preservation and advancement of liberty is a battle not against personalities but against opposing ideas. The French author Victor Hugo declared that “One resists the invasion of armies; one does not resist the invasion of ideas.” This is often rendered as, “More powerful than armies is an idea whose time has […]

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The Liberty Tradition Among Black Americans: How Black Americans Made Progress after the Civil War

Many black leaders today promote affirmative action, which gives racial preferences in hiring to black Americans. But that was not the thinking of Douglass and other black leaders, such as Booker T. Washington, after the Civil War. “Slavery and free institutions can never live peaceably together,” Frederick Douglass observed. “Liberty . . . must either […]

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